Founded by Cristóbal Balenciaga in Spain, Balenciaga established his couture house in Paris in 1936 when the Spanish Civil War forced him to close his shops in Spain. Balenciaga was considered a couturier of uncompromising standards and his designs pushed the boundaries of his era. He created new silhouettes like cocoon and balloon shaped clothes and made clothes for for royalty and high profile individuals including Jackie Kennedy, Bunny Melon, Gloria Guinness and Queen Fabiola of Belgium.
The House of Balenciaga today is owned by the Kering Group, a company that also owns Alexander McQueen and Gucci. For 15 years, Balenciaga was headed by Nicolas Ghesquièr. Alexander Wang who replaced Nicholas Ghesquièr has just announced his departure from the house.
Balenciaga has a womenwear, menswear, handbags, shoes, eyewear collection and women’s fragrance line.